Smith RA, Raugi DN, Wu VH, Zavala CG, Song J, Diallo KM, Seydi M, Gottlieb GS, University of Washington-Dakar HIV-2 Study Group (2019). Comparison of the Antiviral Activity of Bictegravir against HIV-1 and HIV-2 Isolates and Integrase Inhibitor-Resistant HIV-2 Mutants. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy (ePub ahead of print). (pubmed) (doi)
We compared the activity of the integrase inhibitor bictegravir against HIV-1 and HIV-2 using a culture-based, single-cycle assay. Values of 50% effective concentrations ranged from 1.2 to 2.5 nM for 9 HIV-1 isolates and 1.4 to 5.6 nM for 15 HIV-2 isolates. HIV-2 integrase mutants G140S/Q148R and G140S/Q148H were 34- and 110-fold resistant to bictegravir, respectively; other resistance-associated mutations conferred ≤5-fold changes in bictegravir susceptibility. Our findings indicate that bictegravir-based antiretroviral therapy should be evaluated in HIV-2-infected individuals.